The Karnataka Panchayath Raj Bill, 1993 seeks to replace the Karnataka Zill Parisath's, Taluk Panchayath samithi's, Mandala Panchayath's and Nyaya Panchayath's Act 1983 Consequent upon the changes proposed in the 73rd Constitution(Amendment)Bill,1991.
The Bill is to establish a three tier Panchayat Raj system in the state with the elected bodies of grama,taluk and district level for greater participation of people and more effective implementation of rural development programmes in the state.
Grama Panchayat is the first tier of Panchayat Raj institution which comprises of a village or group of villages. The Grama Panchayat consist of such number of elected members as may be notified from time to time by the state election commission at the rate of one member for every 400 population or part their of the Panchayat area. Number of seats reserved for SC and ST is in proportion to population of SC and ST, however at least one seat each is reserved in Grama Panchayat for person belonging to SC, ST. as nearly as may be 1/3rd of the total seats of the Grama Panchayat is reserved for the person belonging to the backward classes. Minimum 50% of seats is reserved for women. Every Grama Panchayat has a president and vice president which are chosen by elected members of Grama Panchayat from amongst themselves as per the provision of section 45 of Karnataka Panchayat Raj Act,1993. Section 49 of Karnataka Panchayat Raj Act, 1993 provides for motion of no confidence against the president or vice president of the Grama Panchayat. The corum for a meeting for Grama Panchayat is 50% of the total number of members. Grama Panchayat performs all the functions provided in section 58 of Karnataka Panchayat Raj Act, 1993.Elected bodies are Grama, Taluk and District level. There are 98 GP in the district.
Gadag Zilla Panchayat ia a body constituted under the karnataka panchayat Act, 1993.Zilla panchayat is body corporate and is assigned a legal status.The Zilla Panchayat is entrusted with execution of development schemes, providing civic functions in rural and looking after the duties of the governament delegated in respect of certain departments as per the schedule of the Act.
The Zilla Panchayat structure and Activities are categarised into six impartant elements as listed below:
1.The Political Structure
4.Departments coming under the direct administrative controle of Zilla Panchayat
5.Development schemes and works taken up by Zilla Panchayat
6.Role of Taluka and Grampanchayats in the Zilla Panchayat